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Alerts explained

Discussion in 'Emergency Alerts' started by Imamazed, Jan 22, 2019.

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  1. Imamazed

    Imamazed Lead Administrator Staff Member

    Amber Alert

    An Amber alert (also AMBER alert) or a Child Abduction Emergency Alert (SAME code: CAE) is a child abduction alert system. It originated in the United States in 1996.

    AMBER is officially a contrived acronym for America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response, but was named after Amber Hagerman, a 9-year-old abducted and murdered in Arlington, Texas in 1996. Alternative regional alert names were once used; in Georgia, "Levi's Call"[1] (in memory of Levi Frady); in Hawaii, "Maile Amber Alert"[2] (in memory of Maile Gilbert); and Arkansas, "Morgan Nick Amber Alert"[3] (in memory of Morgan Nick).

    In the United States, AMBER Alerts are distributed via commercial radio stations, Internet radio, satellite radio, television stations, text messages, and cable TV by the Emergency Alert System and NOAA Weather Radio[4][5] (where they are termed "Child Abduction Emergency" or "Amber Alerts"). The alerts are also issued via e-mail, electronic traffic-condition signs, commercial electronic billboards,[6][7] or through wireless device SMS text messages. AMBER Alert has also teamed up with Google,[8] Bing,[9] and Facebook[10] to relay information regarding an AMBER Alert to an ever-growing demographic: AMBER Alerts are automatically displayed if citizens search or use map features on Google or Bing. With the Google Child Alert (also called Google AMBER Alert in some countries), citizens see an AMBER Alert if they search for related information in a particular location where a child has recently been abducted and an alert was issued. This is a component of the AMBER Alert system that is already active in the US (there are also developments in Europe). Those interested in subscribing to receive AMBER Alerts in their area via SMS messages can visit Wireless Amber Alerts, which are offered by law as free messages.[11] In some states, the display scrollboards in front of lottery terminals are also used.

    The decision to declare an AMBER Alert is made by each police organization (in many cases, the state police or highway patrol) that investigates each of the abductions. Public information in an AMBER Alert usually consists of the name and description of the abductee, a description of the suspected abductor, and a description and license plate number of the abductor's vehicle if available.


     
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  2. Imamazed

    Imamazed Lead Administrator Staff Member

    Blue Alert

    The National Blue Alert Act of 2013 (H.R. 180) is a bill that was introduced in the United States House of Representatives of the 113th United States Congress on January 4, 2013. The bill instructs the Department of Justice (DOJ) to create a national Blue Alert communication system under the direction of a national coordinator. The system would spread important information about law enforcement officers hurt or killed in the line of duty in an attempt to make catching the perpetrators easier.
     
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  3. Imamazed

    Imamazed Lead Administrator Staff Member

    Silver Alert

    A Silver Alert is a public notification system in the United States to broadcast information about missing persons – especially senior citizens with Alzheimer's disease, dementia, or other mental disabilities – in order to aid in locating them.

    Silver Alerts use a wide array of media outlets – such as commercial radio stations, television stations, and cable television – to broadcast information about missing persons. In some states (specifically Arizona, Florida, New Jersey, California, Texas, and Wisconsin), Silver Alerts also use variable-message signs on roadways to alert motorists to be on the lookout for missing seniors. In cases in which a missing person is believed to be missing on foot, Silver Alerts have used Reverse 911 or other emergency notification systems to notify nearby residents of the neighborhood surrounding the missing person's last known location. Silver alerts can also be used for children who are missing without being in danger or abducted.

    Supporters of Silver Alert point to the U.S.A's growing elderly population as a reason to support new programs to locate missing seniors. Approximately six in ten dementia victims will wander off at least once.[1] If not found within 24 hours, up to half of wandering seniors with dementia suffer serious injury or death.[2]
     
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2019
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  4. Imamazed

    Imamazed Lead Administrator Staff Member

    Child Abduction Alert System

    Europe
    Currently, there are AMBER Alert systems in 20 European countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.[1] AMBER Alerts systems in Poland (2013),[2] Slovakia (2015),[3] Luxembourg (2016)[4] and Malta (2017).[5] These systems aim at quickly disseminating relevant
    information about a very worrying child disappearance to the general public at large, through a variety of channels, thus increasing the chances of finding the child.

    AMBER Alert Europe

    AMBER Alert Europe is an international not for profit organisation with 29 members (law enforcement, ministries & NGOs) in 21 countries. Its Police Network consists of over 50 experts representing law enforcement from 18 European countries. The goals of AMBER Alert Europe are backed by 465 Members of the European Parliament: most successful Written Declaration since 2011.[6] Therefore, AMBER Alert Europe suggests the following 5 key points to the European Commission and the European Parliament:[7]

    1. A bigger, stronger AMBER Alert network
    2. More flexibility in issuing child alerts
    3. Better cross-border information sharing
    4. Better cross-border police cooperation
    5. Improving the identification and protection of children at borders
    In 2014, AMBER Alert Europe launched the Police Expert Network on Missing Children. Goal of the network is to allow missing children police experts to quickly and informally contact their colleagues in other European member states and exchange best practices.[8]

    According to AMBER Alert Europe, any child whose whereabouts is not known will be considered as missing until located, and their well-being or otherwise confirmed. All cases should be assessed to determine the seriousness and immediacy of risk, which will indicate the response that is required.

    AMBER Alerts
    If, after a proper risk assessment, it is believed that the life or health of a missing child is in imminent danger, police can decide to issue a national AMBER Alert. This allows them to instantly alert the public and make sure everyone is on the lookout for the child. For more detailed information on risk assessment see ‘Understanding and Managing Risk in the Context of Missing Persons'.

    Life or death cases
    Extensive US research, backed by UK findings, show that when a child is abducted and killed, in 76% of the cases the child was killed within three hours after the abduction. The AMBER Alert system was developed for these special ‘life or death’ cases.[9]

    Law enforcement agencies are responsible for issuing an AMBER Alert and use strict criteria. Below you can find the current criteria as recommended by the European Commission.[10]

    1. The victim is a minor (i.e. under 18 years of age);
    2. It is a proven abduction, there are clear elements indicating that it could be a case of abduction;
    3. The health or the life of the victim is at high risk;
    4. Information is available which, once disseminated, will allow the victim to be located;
    5. Publication of this information is not expected to add to the risk facing the victim.
    Cross border AMBER Alerts
    The technology currently being used by AMBER Alert Europe builds on the technology already used in the Netherlands since 2008 for the Dutch AMBER Alert plan.[11] The first cross-border child alert organised by AMBER Alert Europe was issued in the early morning of the 8th of May 2013 for two Dutch brothers. The boys' photo was displayed on large screens in the Belgian province of Limburg and in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) and has received extensive media attention in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. The bodies of the children have been found at 19 May 2013 near Cothen (the Netherlands).[12][13][14][15]

    In April 2015 a cross border Child Alert had been issued for a 10-year-old girl from Szczecin, Poland, close to the German border. In close cooperation with the German authorities and the NGO Initiative Vermisste Kinder the Polish child alert was also spread in Germany. Via social media and large screens at railway stations German citizens were asked to be on the lookout for the missing child. Additionally, the alert was also disseminated by AMBER Alert Europe, AMBER Alert Netherlands and the recently launched AMBER Alert Slovakia.[16]

    A child alert system reaches millions of people within minutes. When a public child alert is issued by the police, the picture of the child is distributed to a much larger audience. A child alert system may use the following components: TV and radio, highway signs, Google Child Alert (also called Google AMBER Alert in some countries – already active in the US; there are developments in Europe), online banners and advertisements, large TV screens, SMS-text messages with photo, PC pop-ups, Facebook, Twitter, apps, website pop ups and banners, PC screensaver, e-mail, posters, RSS news feed, mobile websites, screens in public transport (buses and trains), screens in railway stations, airports, shopping malls, supermarkets and cinemas.[17]


    More at link...
     
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