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Cathedral of Notre Dame is on Fire

Discussion in 'Crimes' started by fran, Apr 15, 2019.

  1. kdg411

    kdg411 Resource Mod

    [​IMG]

    A striking image of firefighters entering the cathedral in the wake of the fire.
     
    Kimster, Cousin Dupree, Skitt and 2 others like this.
  2. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    'We WILL rebuild Notre Dame': French president Macron says 'the worst' has been prevented as bell towers are saved but inferno reduces much of the medieval cathedral to ashes in just an HOUR
    • President Macron said in a speech outside Notre Dame on Monday he was planning to rebuild the cathedral
    • Pictures from around the city posted on social media showed flames licking up Notre Dame's famous spire
    • The fire was first reported at 5.50pm (GMT) on Monday and the building was evacuated soon afterwards
    • Firefighters battled for hours to try and stop the blaze amid fears the entire structure could be toppled
    • Late on Monday evening fire chiefs said the fire had eventually been stopped and the main structure saved

    French President Emmanuel Macron has vowed to rebuild Notre Dame with help from the international community after a devastating fire gutted the famous cathedral on Monday night.

    Speaking just hours after the roof of the 850-year-old building caved in, Macron told the world's assembled press that a national fundraising campaign to restore Notre Dame would be launched Tuesday, and he called on the world's 'greatest talents' to help.

    The French leader credited the 'courage' and 'great professionalism' of firefighters with sparing Notre Dame's facade and two landmark towers from being destroyed.

    In an impassioned speech outside the cathedral, Mr Macron said: 'We will appeal to the greatest talents and we will rebuild Notre-Dame because that's what the French are waiting for, because that's what our history deserves, because it's our deepest destiny.'


    Late on Monday evening fire chiefs confirmed that the structure of the cathedral has been saved, despite initial fears it may be entirely destroyed.



    [​IMG]
    As darkness fell on Paris on Monday evening the ruined cathedral was illuminated by the flames still burning in the roof as firefighters
    battled on against the inferno


    [​IMG]
    A shard of the cathedral's spire plummets through the air as it collapsed earlier this evening after the fire chewed through its foundations


    [​IMG]
    A view from inside the cathedral shows flames in the roof as firefighters douse it from below with hoses. A shocked firefighter looks back
    at the camera as the bright burnt orange blaze can be seen raging in Paris on Monday evening


    [​IMG]
    A spokesperson for the cathedral told Le Monde that the entire frame of the historic cathedral's roof (pictured here before the blaze)
    had caught fire


    An official in the French interior ministry said earlier in the evening that the prospect of saving the building 'was not certain' after the spire and part of the roof collapsed.

    While fire chief Jean-Claude Gallet also told reporters he was 'not sure we are capable of stopping the spreading' through the rest of the structure - just hours before the blaze was eventually brought under control.

    During his statement, Macron said the French capital's fire chief announced the emergency response had changed into a monitoring and mop-up operation, 'The worst has been avoided although the battle is not yet totally won.'

    A spokesman for the cathedral earlier said the entire wooden frame of the cathedral would likely come down, and that the vault of the edifice could be threatened too.

    'Everything is burning, nothing will remain from the frame,' Notre Dame spokesman Andre Finot said. The 12th-century cathedral is home to incalculable works of art and is one of the world's most famous tourist attractions.

    Photos showed huge plumes of smoke billowing into the city's skyline and flames engulfing large sections of the historic building as firefighters struggled to contain the inferno.

    According to French newspaper Le Monde, the fire broke out in the attic of the monument before spreading across the roof.

    Officials in Paris said the fire could be linked to restoration works as the peak of the church is currently undergoing a 6 million-euro ($6.8 million) renovation project.


    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    An aerial view of the cathedral reportedly taken from a police drone showed the famous structure completely stripped of its roof and still
    ablaze on the inside


    see more ............ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/ar...eaks-historic-Notre-Dame-cathedral-Paris.html
     
    Kimster, Cousin Dupree, MrsS and 4 others like this.
  3. Skitt

    Skitt Bronze Member

    Fran, you have been amazing with all the posts here. Your time and effort is very appreciated.

    :praying:
     
    Kimster, kdg411, Sunburst and 6 others like this.
  4. spike

    spike Bronze Member

    Oh no! I hope not.
     
    Cousin Dupree and Paradise like this.
  5. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    Why the 850-year-old Notre Dame Cathedral is 'incredibly flammable' by design: Sprawling wooden frame made from 1,300 TREES nicknamed 'The Forest' is fueling the devastating blaze, experts say
    • Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris was built with a wooden frame using 1300 trees
    • Experts say this equaled roughly 52 acres of timber in total, each used for beams
    • Timber beams make up its entire interior frame, serves as foundation for the roof
    • Officials working with the cathedral say design makes it 'incredibly flammable'
    An architectural feat that led Paris’s famous Notre Dame Cathedral to be known as ‘The Forest’ is now a major contributor in its destruction, after a fire ripped through its all-wood frame.

    A fire broke out at the 12th century cathedral around 6 p.m. GMT (2 p.m. EDT) Monday and quickly grew to engulf the entire wooden interior; the spire collapsed not long after the blaze began, and officials said the frame would be completely destroyed.

    The entire frame of the 850-year-old building is made from timber, with an estimated 1,300 trees used for the construction of its beams.


    [​IMG]
    An architectural feat that led Paris’s famous Notre Dame Cathedral to be known as ‘The Forest’ is
    now likely a major contributor in its destruction, as a fire rips through its all-wood frame


    ‘Everything is burning, nothing will remain from the frame,’ Notre Dame spokesman Andre Finot told French media, according to the Associated Press.

    According to the official website for the Notre Dame Cathedral, the frame includes roughly 52 acres of wood in total.

    These timber beams make up its entire interior frame, and serves as the foundation for its 115-foot-high roof.

    Officials now say there is ‘nothing left’ of the roof and expect the entire frame to be lost to the fire.

    ‘It makes sense that it would be incredibly flammable,’ notes Notre Dame contributor Daniel Christian on the website for the landmark, which was posting updates as the fire raged on.

    Notre Dame’s aging wooden foundation has been a topic of concern for some time, and a $6.8 million renovation project was underway to address some of the many issues at the historic building.

    Statues overlooking the cathedral were removed just last week ahead of work on the famous spire that stood more than 300 feet above the ground.

    Some parts have been closed off for upwards of a year, the website notes.

    [​IMG]
    The frame includes roughly 52 acres of wood in total.
    These timber beams make up its entire interior frame,
    and serves as the foundation for its 115-foot-high roof




    The frame includes roughly 52 acres of wood in total. These timber beams make up its entire interior frame, and serves as the foundation for its 115-foot-high roof

    ‘The inside is crumbling wood and gargoyles have been known to have fallen off the roof as of late,’ according to the website.

    Construction on the Cathedral of Notre Dame began around the year 1160 CE and lasted until about 1245, when the main body was completed.

    There were several waves of construction which ultimately shaped it to be a ‘monument of exceptional historic and artistic importance,’ writes historian Caroline Bruzelius in a 1987 paper on the building.

    And, it redefined the genre of Gothic architecture.

    ‘Taller, longer, and wider than any Gothic church before it, Notre Dame incorporated numerous technical and structural advances,’ Bruzelius explained.

    ‘There we find the earliest example of the gigantism that was to become characteristic of Gothic architecture in the following generation of cathedrals.

    ‘The four-story elevation with oculi in the third story was unique at the time of its design. In addition, the flying buttresses of the nave of Notre Dame have been considered the first in Gothic architecture, the result of the utilization of thin-wall construction, which necessitated additional exterior support.’

    [​IMG]
    There were several waves of construction which ultimately shaped it to be a ‘monument of exceptional
    historic and artistic importance,’ writes historian Caroline Bruzelius in a 1987 paper on the building.
    And, it redefined the genre of Gothic architecture


    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6925435/Why-850-year-old-Notre-Dame-Cathedral-incredibly-flammable.html
     
    Skitt, kdg411, Sunburst and 4 others like this.
  6. Sunburst

    Sunburst Bronze Member


    I do not believe it was simply an accident. One of the most important edifices of Christianity and Catholicism destroyed at the beginning of Holy Week? Not a coincidence.
     
    kdg411, Whatsnext and Paradise like this.
  7. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    'Miracle' Notre Dame Cathedral still stands: Ile-de-France president
    Before the blaze, restoration costs already had been estimated at $170 million.

    Though much of its roof is collapsed and interior decimated, the charred walls of the Notre Dame Cathedral remain standing over Paris' Seine River.

    That is a testament to the '"face-to-face" battle firefighters waged through the night to quash a massive blaze that ripped through the 13th Century basilica and prompted a global response to help rebuild, Valérie Pécresse, president of the Île-de-France region that encompasses Paris said.

    (MORE: Notre Dame: The national and architectural significance of the historic cathedral)

    "When you see it from the outside, it's still standing, and that is quite a miracle," Pécresse said in an interview on ABC's "Good Morning America" Tuesday morning.

    Pécresse said firefighters fought the blaze through the night, saving the main sanctuary and the cathedral's historic bell towers. The first photos released from inside showed the altar intact with a gold crucifix still hanging above it.

    [​IMG]
    (Ludovic Marin/Reuters) Charred debris inside Notre-Dame-de Paris in the aftermath of a fire that devastated the cathedral in Paris, April 16, 2019.


    "We are terribly, tremendously grateful to the firemen of Paris, because they really saved the cathedral," Pécresse told GMA host Robin Roberts.


    Still, she said watching the inferno tear through the church was "like tearing our hearts apart because the cathedral is the heart of Paris."

    "It's like when your home is burning and the whole people of France was crying and the cries had no color, no name, no race, no parties, but the whole of France was really upset," Pécresse said.

    But when asked what she wants the world to know about Notre Dame in the aftermath of the devastating fire, Pécresse said, "Tell them that the cathedral is still standing."


    [​IMG]
    A tourist boat sails on the river Seine near Notre-Dame-de-Paris on April 16, 2019 in the aftermath of a fire that devastated the cathedral.


    The blaze broke out at 6:50 p.m. local time Monday and quickly spread along the roof of the cathedral, which was undergoing a $170 million renovation was was partially encased in scaffolding. It took firefighters hours to bring the fire under control as much of nave was constructed of ancient timbers that fueled the flame and came crashing through the roof.

    The cause of the fire is under investigation.

    French President Emmanuel Macron expressed sadness at the sight of the 850-year-old building's demise, but vowed to rebuild it at a news conference outside the cathedral.

    (MORE: YouTube mistakenly flags Notre Dame Cathedral fire videos as 9/11 conspiracy)
    Responding to Macron's call for help, people from across France and the world began pledging money to help in the reconstruction.

    At least 300 million euros ($339 million) have been pledged so far to help rebuild the Notre Dame Cathedral.

    French billionaire Bernard Arnault and his conglomerate LVMH pledged 200 million euros, according to The Associated Press, and François-Henri Pinault, another French billionaire, said he and his family would donate 100 million euros, according to Buzzfeed.

    Before the fire, an estimated investment of 150 million euros over three decades likely would've been required for restoration work on the massive church, a group called Friends of Notre Dame told ABC News. Total repair costs following the fire aren't yet known.

    Pécresse said she informed the archbishop of Paris, Michel Aupetit, that the government set aside 10 million euros (about $11.3 million) in emergency funds to rebuild the cathedral.

    "But we'll need hundreds of millions of euros to rebuild, maybe more, because 2,800 square meters of roof has burned and also ... the big tower of the cathedral has burned too, so we really need to rebuild and it's going to be very costly," Pécresse said on GMA. "So seeing all the people of the world telling us that they want to subscribe, it's really moving for us and this support is really amazing."

    (MORE: Flames cause 'colossal damages' to Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Macron says 'we will rebuild')
    Construction on Notre Dame began in 1163 and lasted over a century. It officially was completed in 1345.

    Krupali Krusche, an architecture professor at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana,told ABC News it may take five to seven years for the cathedral just to recover from the blaze.

    [​IMG]
    Michel Euler/AP) Firefighters tackle the blaze as flames rise from Notre Dame cathedral as it burns in Paris, April 15, 2019.


    "The original building took over 100 years to actually come together, piece by piece," Krusche said. "It will be done. But a recent project in Europe of that scale has taken up to 10 years to produce."

    Although largely famous for its ornate exterior stonework, most of the cathedral's interior was wood, which fed the flames like a "cooker," she added. But even masonry that survived may be terribly damaged, after 500 firefighters fought the blaze.

    "We will rebuild because it is what the French people expect, because it is what our history deserves," Macron said at the news conference. "Because it is our profound destiny."


    https://abcnews.go.com/Internationa...2424888&cid=clicksource_4380645_null_hero_hed
     
    spike, Cousin Dupree, kdg411 and 3 others like this.
  8. Kimster

    Kimster Director Staff Member

    I've been seeing pictures of my friends and family who have visited the cathedral all over Facebook. One of the partners in our business brought pictures over and shared at work yesterday, too. This has affected the whole world! Such a tragedy.
     
    spike, Skitt, Cousin Dupree and 3 others like this.
  9. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    I've never been to Paris but two of my children have and yesterday when I heard the news I texted the news and they were devastated. Whether you're Catholic or not, it was a symbol for all. It's heartbreaking.

    I heard this morning that several people had formed a human chain to save what relics they could. They saved the most important item, the Crown of Thorns that it's said was placed on Jesus.

    It looks like they'll be able to rebuild. They've had donations coming from around the world. Because eventhough it's a treasure to France, the Cathedral was funded by the Catholic Church and donations. It took them years to get enough money to do the present restoration which now is down the tubes. It'll be a golbal effort to bring life back to the Cathedral. They expect it to take 10 years. Don't scoff at the 10 years though, as it took 300 years to build the original Cathedral.

    JMHO
    fran
     

    Attached Files:

  10. Whatsnext

    Whatsnext Well-Known Member

  11. Cousin Dupree

    Cousin Dupree Platinum Member

    Skitt, Whatsnext and fran like this.
  12. Whatsnext

    Whatsnext Well-Known Member

    Kudos to all the firefighters!
     
  13. Whatsnext

    Whatsnext Well-Known Member

    You're right . :oops::confused:. But for me Notre Dame, like the Cathedral of Cologne was always something that would be there, for eternity. I was wrong.
     
    Skitt and Cousin Dupree like this.
  14. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    This church was over 800 years old, which means that wood was extremely dry, which would make it go up fast
     
  15. Sunburst

    Sunburst Bronze Member

  16. Skitt

    Skitt Bronze Member

    You have done a fantastic job of gathering info here, fran. This is the best thread (site) for following the fate of the Cathedral for me.

    :thankyou:
     
  17. fran

    fran Administrator Staff Member

    Notre-Dame fire: Images show damage to cathedral's interior

    [​IMG]
    The blaze quickly tore across the roof of the cathedral before firefighters managed to halt its spread




    [​IMG]
    The cathedral's spire was also destroyed in the blaze


    [​IMG]
    Debris lies around the cathedral floor after the fire


    [​IMG]
    A number of historical and religious artefacts were also saved from the blaze and have been moved to safety



    more photos at link ............. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47959379
     
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  18. Olenna

    Olenna Chief Justice of the Forum on Checks & Balances

    spike, Whatsnext, Sunburst and 4 others like this.
  19. Whatsnext

    Whatsnext Well-Known Member

    I absolutely adore Notre Dame, but there are alot more issues this world has, that, IMO, are more important: plastic trash in the oceans, the dying of the bees all over the world, the Great Barrier Reef,....,.., the french government has got enough money to restore Notre Dame(also without donations), let's not forget that.
     
    Cousin Dupree likes this.

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